International law

A4ID Chief Executive champions the role of lawyers in ending poverty at IBA conference

A4ID Chief Executive Yasmin Batliwala was invited to speak alongside Nobel Prize winner Muhammad Yunus, philosopher Thomas Pogge and homelessness campaigner Sister Stanislaus Kennedy at this year’s International Bar Association Conference.  

Micro-insurance & Climate Change

A4ID recently hosted a discussion on how groups vulnerable to climate change related loss and damage might mitigate such losses by insuring themselves against climate change related harm. We heard from three speakers: Christoph Schwarte of the Legal Response Initiative, Aaron Oxley of Results UK and Dr Swenja Surminski of the LSE.

What is Micro-insurance?

Climate risks, loss & damage, and insurance: what are the legal needs?

Author(s): 
Dr Swenja Surminski
This presentation, given at our Climate Change Knowledge Group, discusses the legal and regulatory environment in which microinsurance operates, and the legal needs of stakeholders.

In this presentation, Dr. Swenja Surminski examines the legal and regulatory issues that surround the implementation of microinsurance schemes in the developing world. Without understanding the legal needs of stakeholders and without an adequate system of legal safeguards, the world’s poorest (to whom insurance of any kind might be a new concept) cannot fully benefit from such schemes.

Climate Microinsurance: What? Who? How?

Author(s): 
Aaron Oxley
This presentation, given at our Climate Change Knowledge Group, explores how microinsurance works in practice and considers how actuarial weather data is collected.
See video

 

In this presentation, Aaron Oxley considers the structure and operational practice of microfinance organisations, looking too at how the model is financed and at the role of key stakeholders from beneficiaries to NGOs and governments. Setting out some of the challenges for the microinsurance sector, Aaron considers how the biggest challenges for climate change microinsurance are the lack of accurate, timely data on weather patterns and the particular nature of climate change harm, in that it causes gradual rather than sudden harm, is difficult to insure.

What's the Damage? Loss, Damage, and Microinsurance

Author(s): 
Christoph Schwarte
This presentation, given at our Climate Change Knowledge Group, delivers an overview of the legal framework regulating mechanisms to address loss and damage arising from climate change.

 

In this presentation, Christoph Schwarte reviews how international law provides for compensation for victims of environmental damage, and outlines the objectives of the loss and damage working programme set up under the United Nations Framework on Climate Change to address harm arising from human-induced climate change. Drawing on the work of the working group, Christoph considers how insurance could play a role in supporting populations mitigate climate change risk.

Clean Development Mechanism: CDM and Development

Author(s): 
Peter Zaman and Delyth Hughes
Law firm: 
Clifford Chance LLP
Date produced: 
27 February 2012
This legal guide forms part three of a three part guide, focussing on the role of the CDM in development.
Disclaimer: 
This publication provides general information and comments on the subject matter covered and is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject. It is not intended to provide legal advice, and readers should not rely on it but seek specific legal advice before taking any legal action with respect to the matters discussed.

Description:

 Part three of this legal guide describes the link between the CDM and development by reviewing both advantages and criticism, finishing with an overview of the future of the CDM.

 

Read the full guide to Clean Development Mechanism: CDM and Development.

 

 

Clean Development Mechanism: CDM in Practice

Author(s): 
Peter Zaman and Delyth Hughes
Law firm: 
Clifford Chance LLP
Date produced: 
27 February 2012
This legal guide forms part two of a three part guide, focussing on the function of the CDM and how it operates.
Disclaimer: 
This publication provides general information and comments on the subject matter covered and is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject. It is not intended to provide legal advice, and readers should not rely on it but seek specific legal advice before taking any legal action with respect to the matters discussed.

Description:

 Part two of this three part guide explains in more detail the functioning of the CDM by covering the process of project registration, the different types of CDM projects and their locations.

 

Read the full guide to Clean Development Mechanism: CDM in Practice.

The Rights of Project-Affected Persons

Author(s): 
Rachael Israel
Law firm: 
Slaughter and May
Date produced: 
9 May 2012
This legal guide examines the rights to compensation and resettlement of persons affected by development-based evictions and displacement.
Disclaimer: 
This publication provides general information and comments on the subject matter covered and is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject. It is not intended to provide legal advice, and readers should not rely on it but seek specific legal advice before taking any legal action with respect to the matters discussed.

Description:

The human right to an adequate standard of living frequently comes in to conflict with large-scale commercial projects intended for the public good, often involving the eviction and displacement of people.  This guide looks at the effects of project development and its potential infringement on human rights, discussing the necessary practical considerations of developers and the management of compensation and resettlement for project-affected persons. 

 

Social Impact Investing

Author(s): 
Luke Fletcher
Law firm: 
Bates Wells and Braithwaite
Date produced: 
4 September 2012
This legal guide looks at the opportunities and challenges of social impact investing in the developing world.
Disclaimer: 
This publication provides general information and comments on the subject matter covered and is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject. It is not intended to provide legal advice, and readers should not rely on it but seek specific legal advice before taking any legal action with respect to the matters discussed.

Description:

This guide examines social impact investing, exploring the potential size of the market and the opportunities that brings.  It also looks at some of the challenges faced by this type of investment and therefore provides an objective view of the benefits and shortcomings of social impact investment.   

Read the full guide on Social Impact Investing.

International IP Law: a Balancing Act

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) came into force in 1995. For many developing countries this required changes in their national intellectual property legislation particularly in the area of protection over plants and plant varieties

TRIPs in practice

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